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UNIDAD 13. PASADO SIMPLE.
Debemos diferenciar el pasado de los verbos regulares y el de los irregulares.
1. VERBOS REGULARES.
El pasado de los verbos regulares se forma añadiéndole –ed al infinitivo.
AFFIRMATIVE
NEGATIVE
NEGATIVE
INTERROGATIVE
LONG FORM
SHORT FORM
I walked
I did not walk
I didn´t walk
Did I walk?
You walked
You did not walk
You didn´t walk
Did you walk?
He walked
He did not walk
He didn´t walk
Did he walk?
She walked
She did not walk
She didn´t walk
Did she walk?
It walked
It did not walk
It didn´t walk
Did it walk?
We walked
We did not walk
We didn´t walk
Did we walk?
You walked
You did not walk
You didn´t walk
Did you walk?
They walked
They did not walk
They didn´t walk
Did they walk?
Observa que en el modo negativo e interrogativo se utiliza el auxiliar “did” y éste es el
que marca el pasado, de modo que el verbo principal “walk” se muestra en infinitivo
(sin –ed). “Did” es el pasado del verbo “do”.
Recuerda los siguientes casos:
a) Si el verbo termina en –e, sólo se añade –d.
love --- loved
b) Si el verbo termina en –y, ésta cambia a –i, excepto si la letra anterior es una
vocal.
study --- studied
play --- played
c) Si la palabra es monosílaba y termina en consonante + vocal + consonante, al
añadirle –ed, se le dobla la última consonante:
stop- stopped
2. VERBOS IRREGULARES.
Cada verbo tiene su propia forma. Debes estudiar la lista de verbos irregulares.
Verbo “to buy” = comprar. Forma de pasado “bought”.
AFFIRMATIVE
NEGATIVE
NEGATIVE
INTERROGATIVE
LONG FORM
SHORT FORM
I bought
I did not buy
I didn´t buy
Did I buy?
You bought
You did not buy
You didn´t buy
Did you buy?
He bought
He did not buy
He didn´t buy
Did he buy?
She bought
She did not buy
She didn´t buy
Did she buy?
It bought
It did not buy
It didn´t buy
Did it buy?
We bought
We did not buy
We didn´t buy
Did we buy?
You bought
You did not buy
You didn´t buy
Did you buy?
They bought
They did not buy
They didn´t buy
Did they buy?
Al igual que en los verbos regulares, en los verbos irregulares es el auxiliar “did” el que
marca el pasado en el modo negativo e interrogativo.
VERBOS IRREGULARES.
PRESENT
am/is/are………………………………
break
bring…………………………………..
buy
come…………………………………..
do
draw……………………………………
drink
drive…………………………………....
eat
get………………………………………
give
go………………………………………
have
read…………………………………….
ring
run……………………………………...
see
sing……………………………………
sleep
speak…………………………………...
swim
take.......................................................
write
PAST
was/were
broke
broght
bought
came
did
drew
drank
drove
ate
got
gave
went
had
read
rang
ran
saw
sang
slept
spoke
swam
took
wrote
_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________
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_________________
_________________
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_________________
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_________________
RESPUESTAS CORTAS:
Did you play football yesterday?
Yes, I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they, did.
No, I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they didn´t.
EJERCICIOS.
1. Escribe el pasado de los siguientes verbos regulares:
watch
stop
return
walk
work
iron
study
clean
arrive
cook
visit
like
play
love
open
water
stay
kiss
wash
start
climb
call
tidy
walk
2. Ask:
1. Susan/listened to the radio?
2. Susan/ watched TV?
3. Simon / cleaned the house?
4. Simon /watered the flowers?
Did Susan listen to the radio?
3. Change into the negative and interrogative form.
a) Mary wrote a poem.
Interrogative: .....................................................................................................................
Negative: .............................................................................................................................
b) She lived in New York.
Interrogative: .....................................................................................................................
Negative: .............................................................................................................................
c) They were good students.
Interrogative: .....................................................................................................................
Negative: .............................................................................................................................
4.Escribe el pasado de estos verbos regulares e irregulares:
have
drink
sleep
live
speak
is
eat
do
listen
get
want
finish
rub
swim
write
carry
come
hate
buy
5. Complete:
Four years ago, Linda ________________ in a flat. Now, she ______________ in a
house.
Laura ______________ tennis now, but she __________________ basketball four years
ago.
Yesterday I ________________ soup. Today I´m going to _____________ a sandwich.
They _______________ French two years ago. Now, they ________________ English.
I _________________ music now. Two years ago, I _________________ animals.
6. Complete the sentences with one word or phrase from the box.
on Sundays – at the moment - last week – usually – last night - tomorrow – two
months ago – yesterday - every morning
I …………………………………………. walk to school.
We are going to visit them ………………………………
Tom went to bed at 12 o´clock …………………………..
She watches TV ………………………………………….
You didn´t come to school ……………………………….
We drink milk for breakfast………………………………
She wrote a letter to John …………………………………
Don´t go outside! It´s raining…………………………….
He telephoned me ………………………………………..
7. Put the verbs into the correct tense.
She always …………………………. (go) to church on Sunday.
I ……………………………………..(buy) a new bicycle last week.
My family …………………………..(go) to the theatre yesterday.
Tom ………………………………...(live) in London three years ago.
My mother…………………………(make) some coffee now.
Sam ………………………………..(go) to the circus tomorrow.
I…………………………………….(talk) on the telephone at the moment.
Sally always ………………………(help) her mother in the house.
I…………………………………... (have) dinner in a restaurant last Friday.
8. Write these sentences in the negative and interrogative form:
a) The boy won the race.
N:____________________________________________________________________
I: _____________________________________________________________________
b) The students did their homework.
N:____________________________________________________________________
I: _____________________________________________________________________
c) We were eleven years old.
N:____________________________________________________________________
I: _____________________________________________________________________