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ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 1)
UNIT 1
Vocabulary
A - Un, uno, una
INTRODUCE (To) Presentar
MEET (To) - Conocer
NICE - Agradable
STUDENT - Estudiante
THIS - Este, esta, esto
TO - Preposición que forma
el infinitivo
TOO - También
TOURIST - Turista
CLASSMATE Compañero(a) de clase
DOCTOR - Doctor(a)
SALESMAN - Vendedor
SECRETARY - Secretaria(o)
TEACHER - Maestro(a)
MECHANIC - Mecánico
SALESWOMAN Vendedora
SCIENTIST - Científico
CLASS - Clase
IN - En
NO - No
SHORT - Corto, bajo de
estatura
SICK - Enfermo(a)
TALL - Alto(a)
ABSENT - Ausente
FINE - Muy bién, fino
HAPPY - Contento(a), feliz
OLD - Viejo(a)
PRESENT - Presente
RIGHT - Correcto, derecho
WRONG - Equivocado(a)
YOUNG - Joven
YES - Sí
THE - El, la, los, las
DR. - Abreviación para
doctor
HOSPITAL - Hospital
NURSE - Enfermera(o)
SHIP - Barco
WATCH- Reloj (pulso)
Grammar:
El verbo TO BE (Ser o Estar) se conjuga de la siguiente manera:
I AM
Yo soy o estoy
YOU ARE
Tú eres o estás
HE IS
SHE IS
IT IS
El es o está
Ella es o está
Ello (cosa) es o está
WE ARE
Nosotros(as) somos o estamos
YOU ARE
Ustedes son o están
THEY ARE
Ellos(as) son o están (per., animales, cosas)
El verbo TO BE permite la formación de CONTRACCIONES para poderlo expresar en forma
abreviada. Cuando se forma una contracción se juntan dos palabras y se eliminan una o más
letras. Las siguientes contracciones son posibles para la conjugación afirmativa del verbo:
I'M
YOU'RE
HE'S
SHE'S
IT'S
WE'RE
YOU'RE
THEY'RE
Page 1
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 2)
Las contracciones para la forma negativa son las siguientes (observe que existen dos
posibilidades en cada caso, excepto en la primera persona):
Forma Negativa sin
Contracción del
Contracción del Verbo y la
Contracciones
Pronombre y el Verbo
Negación NOT
I am not
I'm not
(No existe)
You are not
You're not
You aren't
He is not
He's not
He isn't
She is not
She's not
She isn't
It is not
It's not
It isn't
We are not
We're not
We aren't
You're not
You're not
You aren't
.They are not
They're not
They aren't
Para formar el interrogativo del VERBO TO BE es necesario invertir el VERBO con respecto
al SUJETO:
AM I?
ARE YOU?
IS HE?
IS SHE?
IS IT?
ARE WE?
ARE YOU?
ARE THEY?
Definición de PERSONAS:
Primera Persona Singular La que habla (I)
Segunda Persona Singular Con la que se habla (YOU)
Tercera Persona Singular De la que se habla (HE, SHE, IT)
Primer Persona Plural Los que hablamos (WE)
Segunda Persona Plural Con los que hablamos (YOU)
Tercera Persona Plural De los que hablamos (THEY)
El uso y significado de A y AN:
A - AN significan UN, UNA
A se utiliza antes de palabras que comiencen con SONIDO CONSONANTE, ejemplo:
Page 2
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 3)
A boy
A girl
A doctor
A student
AN se utiliza antes de palabras que comiencen con SONIDO VOCAL, ejemplo:
AN indian
AN American
AN executive
NOTA.- Además del uso normal de A, AN, como Un, Una, se colocan antes de las
profesiones u ocupaciones. Ejemplo:
He's AN engineer
She's A doctor
I'm A teacher
_________________
Conversation:
BILL: Linda, this is Philip. Philip is a student.
He’s American.
LINDA: Nice to meet you, Philip.
PHILIP: Nice to meet you, too.
BILL: Linda is a tourist. She’s American.
Exercise # 1
(Make Sentences like the example )
Linda, tourist, Chinese
This is Linda.
She’s a tourist.
She’s Chinese.
1 Carolyn, teacher, American
_________________
_________________
_________________
2 Victor, doctor, Colombian
_________________
_________________
_________________
3 Rose, saleswoman, Italian
_________________
_________________
_________________
4 Oscar, teacher, Venezuelan
_________________
_________________
5 Monique, model, French
_________________
_________________
_________________
6 John, mechanic, Mexican
_________________
_________________
_________________
Exercise # 2 (Read these senten ces)
Is Philip tall?
No, he’s short.
Is Linda sad?
No, she’s happy.
Is Mary present?
No, she’s absent.
Is Victor sick?
No, he’s fine.
Is Rebecca old?
No, she’s young.
Is Doris right?
No, she’s wrong.
Page 3
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 4)
Test
1. Carmen es enfermera. (Ella) es peruana. _________________________________
2. Memo es vendedor. (El) es americano. _________________________________
3. ¿Es Felipe alto? ____________________________________________________
4. ¿Está Linda triste? __________________________________________________
5. ¿Está Francis equivocado? ____________________________________________
6. ¿Está María presente? ________________________________________________
7. ¿Es Ana maestra? ___________________________________________________
8. ¿Es Carlos turista? __________________________________________________
9. El es estudiante en Boston. ____________________________________________
10. Víctor es doctor en Nueva York. _______________________________________
UNIT 2
Vocabulary:
ABOUT - Acerca de
AND - Y
BROTHER - Hermano
FATHER - Padre
FRIEND - Amigo(a)
GET ACQUAINTED (To) Relacionarse
HELLO - Hola
HI - Hola
MOTHER - Madre
OR - O
REALLY - ¿De veras?
VERY - Muy
WHAT - Qué?
COUSIN - Primo(a)
SISTER - Hermana
BEAUTIFUL - Bello(a)
HANDSOME - Guapo(a)
UGLY - Feo(a)
HIGH - Alto(a)
DOG - Perro
WOMAN - Mujer
CITY - Ciudad
COOK – Cocinero(a)
LAWYER - Abogado(a)
WATCH (To) - Observar
DIFFICULT - Difícil
EASY - Facil
HERE - Aquí
MATH - Matemáticas
DEAR - Querido(a)
FAMILY - Familia
NOW - Ahora
SOON - Pronto
WRITE (To) - Escribir
PARENTS - Padres
SHEEP – Oveja
COOK (to) - Cocinar
Grammar:
GENERO Y NUMERO DE LOS SUSTANTIVOS:
GENERO (masculino o femenino). Los sustantivos en inglés son generalmente carentes de
género, es decir, significan indistintamente masculino of femenino. Ej:
LAWYER --- Abogado, abogada
NURSE --- Enfermero, enfermera
NUMERO (singular o plural). En inglés el plural de los sustantivos se forma agregando "S" a
la forma singular o "ES" si el sustantivo termina en SH, CH, X , Z u O. Si la palabra termina
en “y” precedida de consonante, esta se cambia por “i” antes de agregar ES. Ejemplos:
BOOK ---- BOOKS
BEACH ---- BEACHES
Page 4
PARTY--- PARTIES
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 5)
5 Math is difficult.
________________
Conversation:
JIM: Hi, Philip.
PHILIP: Hello, Jim.
LINDA: Are you and Jim friends?
PHILIP: No, we’re brothers.
LINDA: Really? Jim is very tall!
PHILIP: Yes, he’s tall and I’m short.
LINDA: What about your father? Is he tall or
short?
PHILIP: He’s tall and my mother is tall, too.
6 We are cousins.
________________
7 Julia is a student.
________________
8 Debbie is a nurse.
________________
Reading practice:
(Fill in the blank spaces with am, is or
are)
MY FAMILY IN NEW YORK
This is my family. We are in New York
now. My father is a doctor. He’s Colombian.
He’s tall. My mother is a nurse. She’s
Venezuelan. She’s short. My father and mother
are old.
My sisters are young. They’re students.
My brother and I are students, too. My brother is
tall and my sisters are short. We’re happy in the
United States.
1 China ____ beautiful.
2 Lynn ______ Chinese.
3 England _____ old.
4 Ralph _____ English.
5 Alfred _____ handsome.
6 Bill and Linda _____ friends.
7 They _____ happy.
8 We _____ classmates.
9 I ______ present.
10 We _____ friends.
11 You ____ right.
12 The city _____ big.
13 The nurse ____ sick.
14 The watch ____ new.
15 The cooks _____ Italian.
Test:
1. ¿Son tú y Memo primos? ___________
2. Alicia y Oscar son hermanos. ________
3. ¿Es tu padre joven? ________________
Change the following sentences to interrogative:
1 You’re wrong.
_______________
4. (Yo) soy de Londres. _______________
2 Linda is a tourist.
_______________
6. Ellas son cocineras. _________________
5. ¿Está Berlín en Inglaterra? ___________
7. (Nosotros) somos abogados. __________
3 You are happy.
________________
8. ¿Son ustedes secretarias? _____________
4 She is right.
________________
9. ¿Son Rosa y María hermanas? _________
10. ¿Son ustedes maestros? _____________
Page 5
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 6)
UNIT 3
Vocabulary:
EXCUSE (To) - Disculpar
EXCUSE ME - Disculpame
IDENTIFY (To) - Identificar
NAME - Nombre
OH - Ah
PERSON - Persona
TODAY - Hoy
FRIENDLY - Amigable
HUNGRY - Hambriento(a)
THIRSTY - Sediento(a)
UNHAPPY - Descontento(a)
FROM - De (procedente de)
SCHOOL – Escuela, facultad
BIG - Grande
COUNTRY - País, campo
INTERESTING - Interesante
PILOT - Piloto
Grammar:
CONTESTACIONES CORTAS
Las contestaciones cortas es la forma más práctica y rápida de responder, utilizandose los
siguientes elementos para formarlas:
a) El PRONOMBRE que corresponde al sujeto de la persona o cosa a la que
se refiere la respuesta,
b) La forma del verbo TO BE que corresponde a dicho sujeto
PREGUNTA
RESPUESTA
RESPUESTA
AFIRMATIVA
NEGATIVA
Are you sick?
Yes, I am
No, I'm not
Is John here?
Yes, he is
No, he isn't
Are the boys tall?
Yes, they are
No, they aren't
NOTA.- En contestaciones afirmativas cortas no se pueden utilizar contracciones.
Exercise: Chose either affirmative ors negative
short answers as in the example below:
Conversation:
JACK: Excuse me, are you Carolyn Jackson?
BARBARA: No, I’m not. I’m Barbara Stern.
JACK: Is Carolyn here today?
BARBARA: No, she’s not. She’s sick. Are you
a teacher here, too?
JACK: Yes, I am.
BARBARA: What’s your name?
JACK: My name is Jack Newman.
BARBARA: It’s nice to meet you Jack.
1 Are you hungry?
Yes, I am … or
No, I’m not.
2 Are you a salesman?
_________________
_________________
3 Is Barbara hungry?
Page 6
_________________
_________________
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 7)
_________________
_________________
4 Is Jack thirsty?
_________________
_________________
16 Are you English?
_________________
_________________
5 Is John friendly?
_________________
_________________
6 Are you doctors?
_________________
_________________
7 Is Jim tall?
_________________
_________________
8 Are they friendly?
_________________
_________________
9 Are you short?
_________________
_________________
Reading practice:
Tourists in Europe
Europe is big and interesting. Margaret
Smith is in Europe. She’s a tourist. She is in
Madrid. Madrid is not a country. Madrid is a city
in Spain. Spain is beautiful.
Michael and Carol White are in Europe,
too. They are brother and sister. They are in
Paris. Paris is a city in France.
Michael and Carol are from Chicago.
Michael is an engineer and Carol is a teacher.
They are happy in Paris now.
Test:
1. ¿Tienes hambre? -- Sí (resp. corta)
2. ¿Tiene ella sed? -- No (resp. corta)
10 Is English difficult?
_________________
_________________
3. ¿Son Memo y Cristina altos? -- No (resp.
11 Is Betty in California?
_________________
_________________
corta)
4. ¿Es Japón una ciudad? -- No (resp. corta)
12 Are you from here?
_________________
_________________
5. ¿Está Londres en Inglaterra? -- Sí (resp.
13 Is she Japanese?
corta)
_________________
_________________
6. ¿Es San Francisco feo? No -- (resp. corta)
14 Are they Brazilian?
_________________
_________________
7. ¿Es él de Chicago? Sí -- (resp. corta)
8. ¿Estás enfermo hoy? -- No (resp. corta)
15 Is your cousin fine?
Page 7
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 8)
9. ¿Es el Japonés fácil? -- No (resp. corta)
Vocabulary:
10. ¿Están ellos descontentos? -- Sí (resp.
corta)
UNIT 4
BED - Cama
WAIT (To) - Esperar
GOOD - Bueno(a)
GIRL - Muchacha, niña
GOOD MORNING - Buenos
OFFICE – Oficina, consultorio
días
ON - En (sobre algo)
GREET (To) - Saludar
AN - Un, una
HOME - Casa
APPLE - Manzana
HOW - Cómo?
BRIEFCASE - Portafolios
MORNING - Mañana
EGG - Huevo
MR. - Señor (abreviación)
ERASER - Borrador
MRS. - Señora (abreviación)
NOTEBOOK - Libreta,
THANK YOU - Gracias
cuaderno
THANKS - Gracias (abreviado) ORANGE – Naranja, anaranjado
THAT - Ese, esa, eso
PEN - Pluma
THAT'S TOO BAD - Que
PENCIL - Lápiz
lástima!
UMBRELLA - Sombrilla,
WHERE - Dónde?
paraguas
WONDERFUL - Maravilloso(a) INTELLIGENT - Inteligente
WHO - Quién?
TRAVEL AGENT - Agente de
CAMERA - Cámara
viajes
WELL - Bién
ART - Arte
AT - En
MAP - Mapa
BOOK -Libro
NIGHT - Noche
BOY - Muchacho
PROBLEM - Problema
BUS – Camión de pasajeros
STORY - Historia, cuento
FOR - Por, para
ARTICLE - Artículo
MAN - Hombre
CHEMISTRY - Química
MOON - Luna
EXERCISE - Ejercicio
SKY - Cielo
GEOGRAPHY - Geografía
SMALL - Pequeño
GRAMMAR - Gramática
PALABRAS INTERROGATIVAS
HISTORY - Historia (materia)
LESSON - Lección
NEWSPAPER - Periódico
SCIENCE - Ciencia
AFTERNOON - Tarde (parte
del día)
EVENING - Noche (entre la 7 y
la 10)
GOOD AFTERNOON - Buenas
tardes
GOOD EVENING - Buenas
noches (saludando)
COMPUTER - Computadora
ENGINEER - Ingeniero
INTERVIEW - Entrevista
JOB - Trabajo (empleo)
PLEASE - Por favor
PROGRAMMER Programador
TELL (To) - Decir, contar
WELL - Bién
WITH - Con
YOU'RE WELCOME - De
nada
CAPITAL - Capital
BUSY - Ocupado
MEMORIZE (to) - Memorizar
ZIP (to) - Subir o bajar un
cierre
WHAT - Qué
WHERE - Dónde
HOW - Cómo
WHO - Quién
Cuando se utilizan palabras interrogativas, la oración deberá estar en forma interrogativa,
es decir el verbo debe preceder al sujeto. Ej:
Page 8
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 9)
HOW IS JOHN? ----------- ¿Cómo esta Juán?
WHAT IS SHE? ------------¿Qué es ella?
WHERE ARE THEY? ---- ¿Dónde están ellos?
WHO IS HE? --------------- ¿Quién es él?
POSICION DE LOS ADJETIVOS EN INGLES
1) Los adjetivos son palabras tales como SHORT, GOOD, TALL, etc. Que modifican a los
sustantivos. Algunas veces otros sustantivos (tales como: ART, NIGHT, HISTORY,
GEOGRAPHY, etc) actúan como adjetivos.
2) Los adjetivos en inglés pueden colocarse en dos posiciones:
a) Después del verbo TO BE como ocurre en español. Ej:
THE MUSEUM IS BIG ------------- El museo es grande
THE GIRL IS TALL ------------------ La muchacha es alta.
b) Antes de los sustantivos como en los siguientes casos:
GUADALAJARA IS A BIG CITY ---- Guadalajara es una ciudad grande
THIS IS AN EASY PROBLEM ---- Este es un problema fácil
Conversation:
NANCY: Good Morning.
ALICE: Hello, Nancy, how are you?
NANCY: I’m fine, thanks. How are you?
ALICE: Fine. Where’s your husband?
NANCY: He’s home. He’s sick.
ALICE: Oh, that’s too bad. Say hello to him for
me.
Questions with WHO:
Who is he?
Who is she?
Who are you?
Who is in Houston?
Who is a travel agent?
Who is in the office?
Who is a programmer?
Who is busy?
Who is home?
Who is American?
Who is a secretary?
Questions with WHAT:
What is he?
What is she?
What are you?
What is Boston?
What is good?
What is bad?
What is your cousin?
What are Betty and John?
What is this?
What is that?
What is Paris?
What is beautiful?
Page 9
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 10)
Questions with WHERE:
Where are you?
Where is Miami?
Where is Mr. Clinton?
Where is the school?
Where is the car?
Where is the man?
Where is the woman?
Where is the lawyer?
It’s an umbrella. _______________
He’s a programmer. ____________
She’s sick. ____________________
I’m well. _____________________
The boy is short. _______________
The girl is tall. _________________
The bus is big. _________________
Questions with HOW:
How are you?
How is your family?
How is your wife?
How is your husband?
How is the climate in Alaska?
The apple is red. _______________
She’s a tourist. _________________
Test:
1. ¿Cómo estás?
Use A or AN in the blanks:
1 It’s _____ apple.
2. ¿Dónde está Felipe?
2 It’s _____ camera.
3. ¿Qué es ella?
3 It’s _____ umbrella.
4 It’s _____ egg.
4. ¿Qué es Boston?
5 It’s _____ orange.
6 It’s _____ notebook.
5. Ellos son abogados
7 It’s _____ watch.
6. (Nosotros) estamos contentos.
8 It’s _____ briefcase.
7. Este es un libro de arte
Change the following sentences to plural. See
Grammar Unit 2:
8. Esta es una clase de literatura
Example:
He’s a lawyer. --- They’re lawyers.
9. Guadalajara es una ciudad grande.
I’m happy. ____________________
10. Nueva York es una ciudad vieja.
I’m a nurse. ___________________
I’m a lawyer __________________
The doctor is good. _____________
UNIT 5
Vocabulary:
Page 10
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 11)
CALL (To) - Llamar
DO (To) - Hacer
GO (To) - Ir
JUST A MINUTE - Un
momento
PACK (To) - Empacar
THERE - Allá, Allí
TO - A, para
SING (To) - Cantar
TALK (To) - Platicar
TELEVISION - Televisión
TV - TV
EAT (To) - Comer
KITCHEN - Cocina
STUDY (To) - Estudiar
WORK (To) - Trabajar
FAST - Rápido
KNOW (To) – Saber, conocer
NEED (To) - Necesitar
RIGHT NOW - Ahorita
SEE (To) - Ver
TELEPHONE - Teléfono
WANT (To) - Querer
YEAR - Año
GUITAR - Guitarra
PLAY (To) – Jugar, tocar
CRY - Llorar
LAUGH (To) - Reír(se)
LETTER – Carta, letra
READ (To) - Leer
SLEEP - Dormir
DRINK - Beber
PIANO - Piano
TEACH (To) - Dar clases,
enseñar
COFFEE - Café
DANCE (To) - Bailar
RADIO - Radio
ASK (To) - Preguntar
QUESTION - Pregunta
WELL - Bién
SONG - Canción
SPEAK (To) - Hablar
SLOWLY - Lentamente
BY - Por
CAR - Carro
CLEARLY - Claramente
HARD - Duro
QUICKLY - Rápidamente
TAXI - Taxi
CHAIR - Silla
RESTAURANT - Restaurante
BEDROOM - Recámara
BASEMENT - Sótano
DISH - Trasto, platillo
DRY (To) - Secar
EIGHT - Ocho
LEAVE (To) - Salir, irse, dejar
LIVING ROOM - Sala
O'CLOCK - En punto (hora)
PRACTICE (To) - Practicar
TRIP - Viaje
WASH (To) - Lavar
SIP (To) - Dar sorbos
SOUP – Sopa
La preposición TO antes de los verbos forma el INFINITIVO. El infinitivo en castellano se
representa por las terminaciones AR, ER, IR. Ej:
TO SING - Cantar
TO EAT - Comer
TO WRITE - Escribir
PRESENTE PROGRESIVO O PRESENTE DE MOMENTO
El Presente Progresivo o Presente de Momento representa las acciones que se están
llevando a cabo en el momento en que se están diciendo. Para poder formar el Presente
Progresivo es necesario tener los siguientes elementos:
a) Un sujeto + la forma de TO BE que le corresponda
b) El gerundio de un verbo (*)
c) Un complemento (si es necesario)
(*) El gerundio se forma agregando la terminación ING a la FORMA SIMPLE del verbo
(El infinitivo menos "TO") y equivale a las terminaciones ANDO, IENDO en castellano.
Page 11
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 12)
FORMA SIMPLE DEL VERBO
GERUNDIO
TRADUCCION
Study
Studying
Estudiando
Read
Reading
Leyendo
Dance
Dancing
Bailando
Las siguientes oraciones están en PRESENTE PROGRESIVO:
TO BE
GERUNDIO
COMPLEMENTO
TRADUCCION
I'm
writing
a letter
Estoy escribiendo una carta
You're
reading
a book
Tú estás leyendo un libro
He's
studying
English
El está estudiando inglés
They are
eating
pears
Ellos Están comiendo peras
Betty is
working
now
Betty está trabajando ahora
Para formar el INTERROGATIVO y NEGATIVO de las oracio nes en Presente Progresivo
aplicaremos las reglas que ya conocemos en relación con el verbo TO BE. Ejemplo:
AFIRMATIVO
She's singing a song in this moment
INTERROGATIVO
Is she singing a song in this moment?
NEGATIVO
She isn't singing a song in this moment
CONTESTACIONES CORTAS
Para el caso de las Contestaciones Cortas aplicaremos las reglas establecidas en el caso del
verbo TO BE (Ver Nota correspondiente a la Unidad 3, Pag. 6) Ej:
Are you reading a book?
Are John and Betty working?
Conversation:
JACK: Hello?
BECCA: This is Becca speaking. Is Carolyn in?
JACK: Yes, she is. Just a minute, please.
CAROLYN: Hi, Rebecca. What’s up?
Yes, I am
No, I'm not
Yes, they are
No, they're not
BECCA: I’m packing
CAROLYN: Where are you going?
BECCA: I’m going to Boston.
Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb
in ING form:
Page 12
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 13)
1 I’m (study) ________ the lesson.
2 They are working in a big city.
2 They’re (play) ________ the guitar.
Where _________________________
3 We are (speak) ________ in English.
4 I’m (write) ________ a letter.
3 Susan is dancing very well.
5 He’s (sing) ________ opera.
How _________________________
6 You’re (watch) ________ television.
4 Mr. Jones is watching a good program on T.V.
7 John is (drink) ________ whiskey.
8 We’re (laugh) ________ at the photo.
What _________________________
9 The boys are (sleep) ________.
5 David is listening to the music.
10 Becca is (dance) ________ well.
Who _________________________
11 I’m (work) ________ in California.
Change the following sentences to interrogative:
1 You are asking me a question.
_________________________
2 He’s listening to the radio.
_________________________
3 The baby is crying.
_________________________
Reading Practice
THE KATZ FAMILY AT HOME
It’s 8 o’clock and the Katz family is very
busy. Mr. and Mrs. Katz are in the kitchen. Mr.
Katz is washing the dishes and Mrs. Katz is
drying them. Daniel Katz is in his bedroom; he’s
doing math problems. Lorena Katz is playing the
piano in the family room, she’s playing classical
music. Monica and Elizabeth Katz are in the back
yard, they are playing cards.
The Katz family is living in a big house.
They’re having a good time now.
Test:
1. ¿Qué está haciendo Sandra?
4 They are eating in a restaurant.
_________________________
2. ¿Dónde está estudiando Philip?
5 She’s talking about the problem.
3. El perro está comiendo.
_________________________
4. Ellos no se están riendo. (Ellos) están
Ask a question using a question word about each
sentence:
1 She’s drinking coffee.
What _________________________
Page 13
llorando.
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 14)
5. El no está durmiendo. (El) está
9. Daniel no está viendo televisión. (El) está
estudiando.
trabajando.
6. Ella no está bailando. (Ella) está cantando.
10. Carol no está practicando el piano. (Ella)
7. ¿Está el señor Katz limpiando la mesa?
8. ¿Se está divirtiendo la familia Katz?
GIVE (To) - Dar
LAST - Ultimo(a)
BE SORRY (To) - Lamentar
SURE - Seguro
VISIT (To) - Visitar
MESSAGE - Mensaje, recado
OF - De
PAPER – Papel, períodico
PIECE - Pedazo
PIECE OF PAPER - Papel
ANSWER (To) - Responder
FORGET (To) - Olvidar
QUIET - Quieto, silencioso
CLOSE (To) - Cerrar
DOOR - Puerta
FLOOR - Piso
HOMEWORK - Tarea
OPEN (To) - Abrir
REPEAT (To) - Repetir
SIT (To) - Sentarse
IMPORTANT - Importante
CLOCK - Reloj de pared
BANANA - Plátano
está leyendo un libro.
UNIT 6
Vocabulary:
BLACK - Negro
BLUE - Azul
BROWN - Café
COLOR - Color
GRAPE - Uva
GRAY - Gris
GREEN - Verde
ORANGE - Anaranjado
PEAR - Pera
POTATO - Papa
PURPLE - Morado
RED - Rojo
STRAWBERRY - Fresa
WHITE - Blanco
YELLOW - Amarillo
BUY (To) - Comprar
COAT - Saco
DRIVE (To) - Manejar
FLOWER - Flor
HAT - Sombrero
PAINT (To) - Pintar
SHIRT - Camisa
SHOE - Zapato
WEAR (To) - Usar, llevar
puesto
HOUSE - Casa
CAT - Gato
CLOUD - Nube
GRASS - Pasto
O.K. - Bién, correcto
ALSO - También
COLLEGE - Universidad
EXCITING - Emocionante
FAVORITE - Favorito
HIGH SCHOOL - Secundariapreparatoria
LANGUAGE - Idioma
LONG - Largo
LOVE - Amor
PICTURE - Fotografía
SEND (To) - Enviar
SOCCER - Futbol soccer
SUBJECT – Materia, tema
TAKE (To) - Tomar, llevar
TEAM - Equipo
MUSIC - Música
IMPERATIVO
El modo Imperativo se utiliza para indicar: ORDEN, RECOMENDACIÓN, SUPLICA o
SUGERENCIA. Para formar este Modo Verbal se requiere la FORMA SIMPLE de verbo (El
Imperativo menos la preposición TO [Ver Nota correspondiente la la Unidad 5]). Ejemplos:
VERBO EN FORMA SIMPLE
READ
SIGNIFICADO
Lé, lea usted, lean ustedes
Page 14
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 15)
WRITE
SING
Escribe, escriba usted, escriban ustedes
Canta, cante usted, canten ustedes
Note que el verbo se aplica indistintamente a Tú, Usted o Ustedes.
El imperativo va frecuentemente precedido o seguido de una o más palabras que aclaran,
enfatizan o suavizan la oración imperativa. Ej:
Please READ.
WRITE a letter.
Please SING that song.
Para formar el NEGATIVO del Modo Imperativo, antepondremos DON'T al verbo. Ej:
DON'T read.
DON'T write.
DON'T sing.
Como en el caso arriba citado, el IMPERATIVO - NEGATIVO puede ser precedido o seguido
de una o más palabras. Ej:
Please, DON'T read now.
DON'T write that report
Please, DON'T sing in English.
PRONOMBRE PERSONALES Y OBJETIVOS
Los Pronombre Personales se colocan antes del verbo, los Pronombres Objetivos después
del verbo y/o de las preposiciones. Esta es la lista completa:
PRONOMBRES PERSONALES
PRONOMBRES OBJETIVOS
I -----------Yo
YOU ----- Tú
HE -------- El
SHE ------ Ella
IT ---------- Ello (cosa o animal)
WE -------- Nosotros(as)
YOU ------ Ustedes
THEY ----- Ellos(as)
ME-------- A mi
YOU ----- A ti, a usted
HIM -------A él
HER ------A ella
IT ----------A ello (cosa o animal)
US -------- A nosotros(as)
YOU ------ A ustedes
THEM ---- A ellos(as)
Nota.- Se podrá utilizar cualquier otra preposición en vez de "A", dependiendo del sentido de
la oración. Por ejemplo PARA MI, HACIA MI, CONMIGO, etc.
Page 15
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 16)
Conversation:
MRS. LEWIS: Hi
STEVE: Hi, Mrs. Lewis, is Donald home?
MRS. LEWIS: He’s not here now.
STEVE: Please give him this book.
MRS. LEWIS: Sure, with much pleasure.
STEVE: Thanks, bye.
_______________________________
10 Open all the windows.
_______________________________
11 Give me that map.
Change the following imperative sentences from
affirmative to negative, Example:
Talk. ---- Don’t talk.
_______________________________
12 Read the newspaper.
1 Listen to me.
_______________________________
_______________________________
2 Answer all the questions.
_______________________________
Substitute the object of the sentence for the
corresponding objective pronoun like in the
examples:
Read the book. ---- Read it.
Watch Betty ----- Watch her.
3 Leave her a message.
1 Give the map to Sandy.
_______________________________
_______________________________
4 Give me your pen.
2 Give Mr. Jones the report.
_______________________________
_______________________________
5 Tell us the story.
3 Open the door.
_______________________________
_______________________________
6 Forget the name.
4 Listen to David and me.
_______________________________
_______________________________
7 Visit Paul today.
5 Don’t open your books.
_______________________________
_______________________________
8 Ask the saleswoman now.
6 Don’t watch that program.
_______________________________
_______________________________
9 Talk to Mr. Gutman in the meeting.
Page 16
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 17)
7 Visit your brothers and sisters.
_______________________________
Colors (white, red, blue, orange, yellow, gray,
green, brown, purple, black). Answer the
following questions with a color:
1 What color are strawberries?
She’s taking chemistry; it’s a really difficult
subject.
I’m in high school. I’m taking science,
math, history, English and French. My favorite
subject is math. It’s interesting. It’s not difficult
for me. All the teachers are very good. I’m on
the football team. Football is exciting and the
coach is very good, too.
What are you doing? Please write me a
long letter and send me pictures of you and your
family. Please give your family my love.
They’re _____________
Your friend, Richard.
2 What color is the sky?
Test:
1. Dame un lápiz, por favor.
It’s _____________
3 What color are oranges?
2. No te sientes, por favor.
They’re _____________
3. Escuchen (ustedes) la música.
4 What color are ducks?
They’re _____________
4. Observa a tu hermano.
5 What color is the grass?
5. La puerta esta abierta, ciérrala.
It’s _____________
6. El maestro está aquí, pregúntale.
6 What color is the door?
7. Por favor, dale el libro a él.
It’s _____________
8. Los plátanos son amarillos.
7 What color is your house?
It’s _____________
9. Ella (está usando) trae zapatos negros.
10. ¿De qué color son las flores? Son rojas.
Reading Practice
A LETTER TO MY GIRLFRIEND MARY:
Dear Mary,
How are you? My family and I are fine.
My brother Robert and my sister Sally are in
college now. Robert is studying languages, and
he’s doing very well. Sally is studying very hard.
UNIT 7
Vocabulary:
Page 17
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 18)
DAY - Día
EVERY - Cada
GUIDE - Guía
OCCUPATION - Ocupación
TRANSLATOR - Traductor
WEEKEND - Fin de semana
AUTO - Auto
FACTORY - Fábrica
WAITER - Mesero
WORKER - Trabajador, obrero
BOOKKEEPER - Auxiliar de
contabilidad
GARAGE - Taller mecánico,
cochera
REPAIR (To) - Reparar
CLOTHES - Ropa
CLUB - Club, club nocturno
COOK (To) - Cocinar
FOOD - Comida
LABORATORY - Laboratorio
MUSICIAN - Músico
SELL (To) - Vender
STORE - Tienda
POOL - Alberca, piscina
SWIM (To) - Nadar
WALK (To) - Caminar
WEEK - Semana
RIDE (to)- Montar, viajar en un
vehículo
CHANGE (To) - Cambiar
HAVE (To) - Tener
RELAX (To) - Descansar,
relajarse
STOP (To) - Detenerse
AFTER - Después
ALL - Todo(s)
DINNER - Cena
DOWN - Abajo, hacia abajo
NEWS - Noticia(s)
SAY (To) - Decir
SIT DOWN (To) - Sentarse
BASEBALL - Beisbol
GAME - Juego, partido
SHOP (To) - Hacer compras
TENNIS - Tenis
TYPE (To) - Escribir en un
teclado
CALENDAR - Calendario
LOOK AT (To) - Mirar
MOVIE - Película
BUT - Pero
BUSINESS - Negocio
CULTURE - Cultura
FLUENTLY - Fluidamente
FOREIGN -Extranjero
MANAGE (To) - Administrar
MEDICINE - Medicina
TOUR - Excursión, Tour
TRANSLATE (To) - Traducir
WORK (To) - Trabajar
FISH - Pez, pescado
MEAT - Carne
SODA - Refresco
TOMATO - Jitomate
CREAM - Crema
FRENCH FRIES - Papas a la
francesa
MILK - Leche
RICE - Arroz
TEA - Té
WATER - Agua
BREAD - Pan
SUGAR - Azúcar
SUPERMARKET Supermercado
CAKE – Pastel, pastelito
ICE CREAM - Helado, nieve
CHICKEN - Pollo
SALAD - Ensalada
COME (To) - Venir
THEN - Entonces, después
THINK (To) - Pensar
EXCELLENT - Excelente
FAMOUS - Famoso(a)
ORDER - Orden, pedido
POLITE - Cortés
PREFER (To) - Preferir
STEAK - Biftec
TIME - Tiempo
WAITRESS - Mesera
FREE - Libre, gratis
TIEMPO PRESENTE
El tiempo PRESENTE de los verbos en inglés (excepto el verbo TO BE) se forma
anteponiendo un pronombre personal o un sujeto a la forma simple del verbo. En las terceras
personas del singular (he, she, it) se agregará una "S". Si el verbo termina en SH, CH o X, u
O, se agregará ES.
I WORK ---- Yo trabajo
YOU WORK ---- Tú trabajas
HE WORKS ---- El trabaja
SHE WORKS ---- Ella trabaja
IT WORKS ---- Ello (cosa o animal) trabaja
Page 18
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 19)
WE WORK ---- Nosotros(as) trabajamos
YOU WORK ---- Ustedes trabajan
THEY WORK ---- Ellos trabajan
Nota.- Algunos verbos sufren cambios ortográficos en la tercera persona singular pero lo
anterior no altera la regla en lo absoluto. Si el verbo termina SH, CH, X u O se agregará ES;
Si termina en “Y” se cambia esta por “i” antes de agregar ES. Ejemplos:
Finishes --- Fixes --- Catches --- Goes --- Does
El Tiempo Presente se utiliza para describir una acción habitual o una verdad general.
Ejemplos:
I study English every day of the week.
We live in the United States of America
Mexico has many natural resources.
Verbos auxiliares DO y DOES.
DO y DOES se utilizan para formar el interrogativo de las oraciones en tiempo presente
(excepto aquellas que contengan el verbo TO BE)
AFIRMATIVO
INTERROGATIVO
I work ----- DO I work?
You work ----- DO you work?
He works ----- DOES he work?
She works ----- DOES she work?
It works ----- DOES it work?
We work ----- DO we work?
You work ----- DO you work?
They work ----- DO they work?
Nota.- La "S" que se agregó a las terceras personas del singular en la forma afirmativa, se
suprimirá en la forma interrogativa. Si se hicieron cambios ortográficos al agregar la "S" como
el los casos que se presentan el la página anterior, los mismos se revertirán para dejar el
verbo en su forma original.
La formas negativas de los auxiliares DO y DOES (DON'T y DOESN'T) forman el negativo.
Page 19
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 20)
TRADUCCION
NEGATIVO
CON.AF.CORT
CON.NEG.CORT
I DO NOT (don’t) work
No trabajo
Yes, I do
No, I don’t
You DO NOT (don’t) work
Tú no trabajas
Yes, you do
No, you don’t
He DOES NOT (doesn’t) work
El no trabaja
Yes, he does
No, he doesn’t
She DOES NOT (doesn’t) work
Ella no trabaja
Yes, she does
No, she doesn’t
It DOES NOT (doesn’t) work
Ello (cosa o animal) no trabaja
Yes, it does
No, it doesn’t
We DO NOT (don’t) work
Nosotros(as) no trabajamos
Yes, we do
No, we don’t
You DO NOT (don’t) work
Ustedes no trabajan
Yes, you do
No, you don’t
They DO NOT (don’t) work
Ellos no trabajan
Yes, they do
No, they don’t
NOTAS.a) Las contracciones negativas para DO NOT y DOES NOT son DON'T y DOESN'T.
En la forma negativa también se suprime la "S" que se agregó a las terceras personas en la
forma afirmativa.
11 Nancy (ride) ________ the bus.
Conversation 1:
CHUCK: Tina Brown is a translator. She speaks
English and Chinese.
DONALD: Really?
CHUCK: Yes, she works at the United Nations.
DONALD: My brother works at the United
Nations, too.
CHUCK: Is he a translator?
DONALD: No, he’s a guide.
Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the
verb:
1 She (work) ________ at a factory.
2 Alice (teach) ________ geography.
3 Bob (repair) ________ cars.
4 They (study) ________ Italian.
5 We (sell) ________ clothes.
6 Betty (sleep) ________ 7 hours.
7 Lisa (play) ________ the piano very well.
12 John (watch) ________ that program.
13 The car (stop) ________ here.
14 We (write) ________ the words.
15 I (practice) ________ the sentences.
16 The baby (memorize) ________ the names.
17 The manager (relax) ________ on the
weekend.
18. I (change) ________ my clothes in the
afternoon.
19 You (wash) ________ the dishes.
20 He (have) ________ problems.
21 The secretary (go) ________ to the movies.
22 She (do) ________ her homework.
23 I (type) ________ the words.
24 We (translate) ________ documents.
8 Mr. Carstens (swim) ________ here.
9 The boys (walk) ________ in the park.
10 I (cook) ________ my food.
Reading Practice 1:
AT THE UNITED NATIONS
Page 20
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 21)
Tina Brown, David Taylor and Robert
Katz speak foreign languages and have jobs at the
United Nations.
Tina Brown speaks Chinese fluently.
She’s a translator at the United Nations. After
work she goes home and relaxes. She changes
her clothes, reads the newspapers and watches
television
David Taylor speaks Portuguese. He’s a
guide. He gives tours to Portuguese and Brazilian
tourists. He works only on weekends because
he’s a student. He also plays the saxophone and
plays tennis.
Robert Katz speaks English and Spanish.
He translates legal documents. He works from
home.
___________________________________
6 Betty prefers milk.
___________________________________
7 They come here in the morning.
___________________________________
8 He has an excellent car.
___________________________________
9 The bus driver stops the bus.
___________________________________
A T T H E S U P E R M A R K E T:
JACK: Helen, do you want fish or meat?
HELEN: I want fish, I don’t like meat.
JACK: Do we have potatoes?
HELEN: No, we don’t. We need potatoes and
tomatoes.
JACK: Do we need coffee?
HELEN: Yes, we do.
JACK: How about soda?
HELEN: No, we have soda at home.
10 Mr. Carstens swims in this pool.
___________________________________
Change the following sentences to negative:
1 I like modern art.
___________________________________
2 We stay at the Hilton hotel.
Change the following sentences to interrogative:
1 You want fish.
___________________________________
___________________________________
3 Walmart sells pears and bananas.
2 He drinks coffee with cream.
___________________________________
___________________________________
4 The waiters work many hours a day.
3 We like French fries.
___________________________________
___________________________________
5 My wife cooks breakfast.
4 They order meat and potatoes.
___________________________________
___________________________________
6 We take the children to school.
5 We think in English all the time.
___________________________________
Page 21
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 22)
7 Tennis players wear green shoes.
5 Does your brother ask many questions?
___________________________________
___________________________________
6 Do cats sleep many hours?
8 I drive a white car.
___________________________________
___________________________________
7 Do you need money?
___________________________________
9 Your mother buys pizzas.
8 Does your sister laugh all the time?
___________________________________
___________________________________
10 We sit here in the morning.
9 Do you eat breakfast in a restaurant on Sunday?
___________________________________
___________________________________
10 Do Mexican soccer players play very well?
11 They answer all the questions in English.
___________________________________
___________________________________
Reading Practice 2:
12 Ralph forgets the words.
___________________________________
13 The manager visits many countries.
___________________________________
Give either affirmative or negative short answers
for the following questions as in the example:
Do you give money to the poor people?
Yes, I do. ----- or: No, I don’t.
1 Do you practice the lesson at home?
___________________________________
2 Do you leave your office at 5 in the afternoon?
___________________________________
3 Does the sun dry your clothes?
DINNER IN A NEW YORK RESTAURANT
The Blue Room is a famous restaurant in
New York. The Food is excellent and the waiters
and waitresses are polite and friendly.
Hector and Isabel Rivera are having
dinner at this famous restaurant. The Riveras are
from Mexico. They are tourists in the United
States. They speak English well. Mrs. Rivera is
ordering soup, fish and rice. She loves the fish
that they serve at the Blue Room.
Mr. Rivera doesn’t like fish; he likes only
meat. He prefers T-bone steak. He also orders
soup and potatoes. Mr. Rivera drinks coffee with
dinner but Mrs. Rivera drinks coffee after dinner.
They like the Blue Room very much. They also
like the waiters and waitresses.
Sunday
Thursday
Monday
Friday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Saturday
Test:
1. David trabaja en un taller mecánico.
___________________________________
2. Beth canta en inglés.
4 Does your father speak French?
___________________________________
3. Tú bebes café en la mañana.
Page 22
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 23)
4. El se cambia de ropa en la tarde.
14. ¿Les gusta (a ustedes) la sopa?
5. (Yo) voy al cine el jueves.
15. (Yo) no bebo café.
6. Barbara nada el lunes.
16. A Pablo no le gustan los gatos.
7. Vincent arregla autos.
17. ¿Quieres leche caliente? No (resp. corta)
8. Ella da clases de química.
18. ¿Les gusta a ellos la astronomía? Sí (resp.
9. (Nosotros) trabajamos en una oficina
corta)
10. Ellas leen libros en español.
19. ¿Trabaja Dennis en un taller mecánico?
11. ¿Quieres pescado o carne?
No (resp. corta)
12. ¿Beben ellos leche?
20. ¿Comen pescado los gatos? Sí (resp.
13. ¿Come Bernardo papas?
corta)
UNIT 8
Vocabulary:
MUSEUM - Museo
NEAR – Cerca de
OVER THERE - Allí, Allá
POST OFFICE - Oficina de
correos
SIGHTSEE (To) - Visitar
lugares turísticos
BANK - Banco
STATION - Estación
SUBWAY - Metro
RIGHT HERE - Aquí, aquí
mismo
SPORT - Deporte
STADIUM - Estadio
THESE - Estos, estas
THOSE - Esos, esas
MAILBOX - Buzón
ARM - Brazo
BODY – Cuerpo, carrocería
CHIN - Barbilla, mentón
EAR - Oído, oreja
EYE - Ojo
FEET – Pies, patas
FINGER - Dedo de la mano
HAND – Mano, manecilla
LEG – Pierna, pata
MANY - Muchos
MOUTH – Boca, ocico
NOSE - Naris
PART - Parte
TEETH – Dientes o muelas
TEN - Diez
TOE - Dedo del pie
CHILD - Niño(a), hijo(a)
CHILDREN - Niños(as),
hijos(as)
Page 23
FOOT - Pie, pata
MEN - Hombres
PEOPLE - Gente
TOOTH – Diente o muela
WOMEN - Mujeres
EIGHTEEN - Diez y ocho
ELEVEN - Once
FIFTEEN - Quince
FIVE - Cinco
FOUR - Cuatro
FOURTEEN - Catorce
NINE - Nueve
NINETEEN - Diez y nueve
ONE - Uno
SEVEN - Siete
SEVENTEEN - Diez y siete
SIXTEEN - Diez y seis
THIRTEEN - Trece
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 24)
THREE - Tres
TWELVE - Doce
TWENTY - Veinte
TWO - Dos
GLASS – Vidrio, vaso
PLATE – Plato, placa
TABLE - Mesa
BASKET - Canasta
BOX - Caja
WALL - Pared, muro
HOTEL - Hotel
PARK - Parque
THEATER - Teatro
TOWN - Pueblo
ARTIST - Artista
EXAMPLE - Ejemplo
MODERN -Moderno
PAINTING - Pintura
SCULPTOR - Escultor
SCULPTURE - Escultura
SHOW (To) - Mostrar,
demostrar
THING - Cosa
TITLE - Título
TONIGHT - Esta noche
CHURCH - Iglesia
RECORD – Registro, record
BAND - Banda, conjunto
musical
GREAT - Grande, grandioso
PARTY – Fiesta, partido
HUSBAND - Esposo
EXPENSIVE - Caro
NEW - Nuevo(a)
DRESS - Vestido
PANTS - Pantalones
COLORFUL - Colorido
COACH - Entrenador
JUDGE - Juez
BASKETBALL - Basketbol
DICTIONARY - Diccionario
LIVE (To) - Vivir
HOT - Caliente
MONEY - Dinero
MUCH - Mucho(a)
BOYFRIEND – Novio, amigo
EVERYONE - Todos
BEACH - Playa
THERE IS y THERE ARE
Ambos significan HAY. El primero se utiliza en singular y el segundo en plural. Ejemplos:
THERE IS a cat in the house.
THERE ARE two dogs here.
Para formar el INTERROGATIVO se invertirá el verbo con respecto a THERE, y para formar
el NEGATIVO se agregará NOT después de IS o ARE [también es posible usar las
contracciones ISN'T y AREN'T] Ejemplos:
AFIRMATIVO
INTERROGATIVO
NEGATIVO
AFIRMATIVO
INTERROGATIVO
NEGATIVO
THERE IS a cat in the room
IS THERE a cat in the room?
THERE ISN'T a cat in the room
THERE ARE problems here
ARE THERE problems here?
THERE AREN'T problems here
ADJETIVOS POSESIVOS
Los Adjetivos Posesivos se colocan antes de los sustantivos en forma idéntica a lo que
ocurre en castellano. Esta es la lista completa de los mismos:
Page 24
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 25)
MY
YOUR
Mi, mis
Tu, tus; su, sus (de usted)
HIS
Su, sus (de él)
HER
Su, sus (de ella)
ITS
Su, sus (de ello)
OUR
Nuestro(a), nuestros(as)
YOUR
Su, sus (de ustedes)
THEIR
Su, sus (de ellos[as])
EL POSESIVO SAJÓN
El Posesivo Sajón en la forma de expresar posesión por medio de un apóstrofo
"S". Se requieren los siguientes elementos para su formación:
( ' ) y una
a) EL POSEEDOR
b) UN APOSTROFO + una "S"
c) PERSONA(S), COSA(S) o ANIMAL(ES) poseídos
The girl's friend
El amigo de la muchacha
John's hat
El sombrero de Juán
Mary's dress
El vestido de María
En caso de que el poseedor termine en "S" debido a que se trata de un sustantivo en plural,
solo se agregará el Apóstrofo después de la "S". Ejemplo:
The boys' house
La casa de los muchachos
The girls' book
El libro de las muchachas
Si el poseedor termina en "S" pero no se trata de un plural, entonces se agregará (como en
el primer caso) el Apóstrofo más la "S". Ejemplos:
Carlos's report
El reporte de Carlos
Mr. Salinas's life
La vida del Sr. Salinas
Conversation:
HELEN: Excuse me. Is there a mall near here?
OFFICER: Yes, there is. It’s on Main Street.
JACK: And where’s the museum of art?
OFFICER. That’s the museum of art over there.
Page 25
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 26)
HELEN: And what’s that?
OFFICER: That’s the Library.
HELEN: Thank you.
OFFICER: My pleasure. (You’re welcome)
Fill in the blanks with THERE ISN’T or
THERE AREN’T:
Learn the meaning of the words:
THIS –
THAT –
THESE
THOSE
este,
ese,
estos,estas esos, esas
esta,esto
esa,eso
Combine these words with the following
vocabulary:
Nose
Ears
Chin
Fingers Hand
Legs
Toes
Feet
Man
Woman
Child
Children Foot
Tooth
Teeth
Person People
Bananas Arm
Apple
Dog
Street
Bus
Mouth Letter
Learn the numbers:
I) One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight,
nine, ten
II) Eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen,
sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, twenty
III) Ten, twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, sixty, seventy,
eighty, ninety, one hundred
IV) One hundred, one thousand, one million, one
billion, one trillion
Fill in the blanks with THERE IS or THERE ARE:
1 ___________ a cake on the table.
2 ___________ a picture on the wall.
3 ___________ two eggs on the plate.
4 ___________ shoes in the box.
5 ___________ a camera on the floor.
1 ___________ a park on this block.
2 ___________ factories in this area.
3 ___________ unhappy people in Mexico.
4 ___________ questions in that lesson.
5 ___________ a post office in this town.
Reading practice:
AT THE ART MUSEUM
We are visiting the National Museum of
Art in Washington D.C. Doris Wilson is one of
the museum guides. She likes her job very much.
It’s interesting.
There are many paintings in the museum
by famous artists. Doris studies art in her free
time. She particularly likes Italian artists. There
are sculptures by American and French sculptors,
too. There are many visitors here every day.
Conversation 2:
PHILIP: This is a great party.
VICTOR: Yes, it is.
PHILIP: Who’s that?
VICTOR: I’m not sure: I think he’s in the band.
PHILIP: And who’s that girl?
VICTOR: That’s George’s sister; her name is
Diane.
PHILIP: Does she sing with the band?
VICTOR: No, she doesn’t.
PHILIP: Who sings?
VICTOR: I don’t know.
Use the possessive adjective that corresponds to
the personal pronoun in parenthesis:
Fill in the blanks with IS THERE or ARE THERE:
1 ___________ a subway in Washington?
2 ___________ beautiful theaters in New York?
3 ___________ nice stores in Guadalajara?
4 ___________ a college in this city?
5 ___________ big parks in Toronto?
1 (he) ______ eyes are blue.
2 (I) ______ car is old.
3 (they) ______ friends are Canadian.
4 (we) ______ watches are made in China.
5 (you) ______ coat is nice.
6 (city) ______ streets are beautiful.
7 (she) ______ house is in Boston.
Page 26
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 27)
Use the apostrophe + “s” to indicate possession,
example:
Carolyn are talking. They are having a good
time.
Test:
The friend of the girl.
The girl’s friend.
1. Este es un dedo (de la mano).
1 The house of John is pretty.
2. Esos son dedos (del pie).
___________________________
3. ¿Qué es esto? -- Eso es un pie
2 The piano of Betty is very old.
4. ¿Qué es esto? -- Ese es un pastel.
___________________________
3 The wife of Jack is a doctor.
5. ¿Hay un museo en Guadalajara? -- Sí
___________________________
(resp. corta)
4 The pants of John are new.
6. ¿Hay hoteles bonitos aquí? -- Sí (resp.
___________________________
corta)
5 The baby of Mrs. Gutman is pretty.
___________________________
7. ¿Hay un oficina de correos allá? No (resp.
6 The camera of Helen is Japanese.
corta)
___________________________
8. Estos son niños y esos son hombres.
Reading practice:
9. Este es un hombre y esa es una mujer.
AT A PARTY
Charlie, Philip, Lynn, Donald, Victor and
Penny are at Carolyn’s party now. Carolyn is
their teacher and the party is at her house.
Carolyn’s husband is at the party, too; his name is
Ralph.
There are twenty people at her house. She
likes big parties. The party is great because the
music and the food are excellent!
Charlie and Lynn are dancing. Donald is
playing the guitar. Victor is singing. Penny and
10. No hay metro en Tonalá.
11. El conoce a su (de ella) hermana.
12. Queremos nuestra leche.
13. Ellos tienen sus problemas.
14. Este es el vestido de Alicia.
Page 27
ENGLISH PRACTICE I – By Robert Katz (Page 28)
15. Estos son los libros de Sandra.
18. ¿Quién necesita dinero?
16. El auto de Jack es nuevo.
19. ¿Qué es caro?
17. ¿Qué está sobre la mesa?
20. El poema de Carlos es bello.
VERBS:
Answer
Ask
Bring
Buy
Call
Change
Close
Cook
Cry
Dance
Do
Drink
Drive
Dry
Eat
Excuse
Exercise
Forget
Get
acquainted
Go
Repeat
Visit
Have Have a good time
Ride
Walk
See
Want
Send
Wash
Sightsee
Wear
Sing
Work
Identify
Introduce
Know
Laugh
Leave
Sip
Live
Sit
Look at
Sleep
Love
Speak
Make
Stop
Memorize
Study
Need
Swim
Open
Take
Order
Talk
Pack
Teach
Paint
Telephone
play
Tell
Practice
Think
Prefer
Translate
Read
Travel
Relax
Type
Give
Page 28